Cobra's saffron is a
medium sized to large evergreen tree with short trunk; itís named after
the heaviness of its timber and is cultivated in tropical climates for
its form, foliage, and fragrant flowers.
flowers of Mesua ferrea are astringent and stomachic. Dried powered
flowers are given in dysentery with mucus (Amoebic dysentery-Giardia/Entamoeba
histolytica). The volatile oil from flowers showed antibacterial,
antifungal and anthelmintic activities. Phenolic constituents of seed oil
produced anti-asthmatic effect. The oil is also used against rheumatism.
The stamen constitute, drug Nagakeshar. The plant as one of the
ingredients of an indigenous formulation is used to treat non-specific
leucorrhoea, another ayurvedic drug with Mesua plant as one of the
ingredients reputed haemostatic was tested clinically; the activity was
confirmed giving 90% success.
of Mesua ferrea flower caused statistically significant reduction in
viable count of the strain (Salmonella spp) in liver, spleen and heart
blood of challenged mice. 4It could inhibit a large number of
Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria at concentration ranges of 100 to
50 microg/ml, or even lower, as against vibrios and Escherichia coli.
54-Alkyl- and 4-phenylcoumarins from Mesua ferrea has shown
promising multidrug resistant antibacterials.