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  Latin Name Inula helenium; Iris germanica; Inula recemosa
English Name Orris root; Elecampane root
Hindi Name Pushkar mool
Part Used Root

1,2A stout herb, up to 5 ft. tall, found in north-western Himalayas at altitudes of 5000-14000 ft. Fresh roots of of Inula racemosa have a strong aromatic odour resembling orris and camphor, dried roots have a weak order. They are used in Kashmir as adulterant of Kuth (Roots of Saussurea lappa). Roots contain Inulin and essential oil. Alantolactone is the chief constituent of Essential oil. Alantolactone has been used as an anthelmintic and is also antiseptic, expectorant and diuretic. The essential oil also exhibits antibacterial activity against several Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria.
1,2In Ayurveda the roots are given in cough, dyspnoea, asthma, pleurisy, tuberculosis and chest pain, especially precordial pain. The aqueous extract of roots is given orally in rheumatic pain and liver problems. The root possesses anti-anginal, hypoglycaemic properties and blood pressure lowering activity. The roots extract shows anti allergic activity in mice. Pushkarmool is given singly or in compound formulations for heart diseases. Pushkarmool in combination with Commiphora mukul is used in different problems like ischemic heart disease, reduction in cholesterol and triglyceride and total lipid levels. The root powder has been found to possess beta blocking activity. It enhanced prostaglandin E2-like activity in isoproterenol induced myocardial ischemia in rabbits. It has proved to be an anti-platelet and hypolipidaemic agent both in vivo and in vitro studies.
3Isoalantolactone from Inula helenium protects against Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia. 4A study findings demonstrate the cardioprotective effect of I. racemosa and support the pharmacological relevance of its use and cardioprotection mechanism in ischemic heart disease as well as substantiate its traditional claim.



1. The Wealth of India, Raw Materials, Vol. 5, 236, 2001
2. The Wealth of India, First Supplement Series (Raw Materials) Vol. 3: D-I, page, 337 2005
3. PMID: 22092816, FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2011 Nov; 324(2):147-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1574 6968.2011.02397.x. Epub 2011 Sep 15.
4. PMID: 21469598, Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2011 Feb; 48(1):22-8.

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