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  Latin Name Hemidesmus indicus
English Name Indian sarsaparilla
Hindi Name Anantmool
Part Used Root

In Ayurveda, Hemidesmus indicus and Ichnocarpus fructescens are known under the name of 'Sarivadvaya'. They are often used together and considered as similar. Hemidesmus indicus is slender, laticiferous, twining, sometimes prostrate or semi erect shrub, occurring over the greater part of India, from the upper Gangetic plain eastwards to Assam and throughout central, western and southern India.

1The air dried root yields essential oil containing p-methoxy salicylic aldehyde as the major constituent. The shrub has long enjoyed a reputation as tonic, alterative, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic and blood purifier. It is employed in nutritional disorders, syphilis, chronic rheumatism, gravel and other urinary diseases and skin affections. It is administered in the form of powder, infusion or decoction as syrup. The ether extract of roots exerts some inhibitory effect on the growth of Escherichia coli.

2In different parts of India, Sariva roots are used for various purposes. The tribials of Bihar and orrisa use the roots against gonorrohoea, leucoderma, bleeding piles, jaundice and dysentery and those of rajasthan use the paste of roots in scorpion sting. The plant extract possesses significant antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and also inhibits in vivo, the phagocytosis of the cells of reticuloendothelial system in mice.

3In a study, antioxidant activity of its root bark extract was evaluated in several in several studies. 4Natriuretic and saluretic effects of Hemidesmus indicus root extracts in rats support its folklore use in various urinary ailments. 5Hemidesmus indicus suppressed both the cell-mediated and humoral components of the immune system.



1. The Wealth of India, Raw Materials, Vol. 5, 33-34, 2001
2. The Wealth of India, First Supplement Series (Raw Materials) Vol. 3: D-I, page 253, 2005
3. PMID: 11995949, Phytomedicine. 2002 Mar;9(2):153-60.
4. PMID: 22144781, Indian J Pharmacol. 2011 Nov;43(6):714-7.
5. PMID: 3560991, J Ethnopharmacol. 1986 Nov;18(2):133-41.

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