Hemidesmus indicus and Ichnocarpus fructescens are known under the name
of 'Sarivadvaya'. They are often used together and considered as
similar. Hemidesmus indicus is slender, laticiferous, twining, sometimes
prostrate or semi erect shrub, occurring over the greater part of India,
from the upper Gangetic plain eastwards to Assam and throughout central,
western and southern India.
dried root yields essential oil containing p-methoxy salicylic aldehyde as
the major constituent. The shrub has long enjoyed a reputation as tonic,
alterative, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic and blood purifier. It is
employed in nutritional disorders, syphilis, chronic rheumatism, gravel
and other urinary diseases and skin affections. It is administered in the
form of powder, infusion or decoction as syrup. The ether extract of roots
exerts some inhibitory effect on the growth of Escherichia coli.
parts of India, Sariva roots are used for various purposes. The tribials
of Bihar and orrisa use the roots against gonorrohoea, leucoderma,
bleeding piles, jaundice and dysentery and those of rajasthan use the
paste of roots in scorpion sting. The plant extract possesses significant
antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and also inhibits in vivo,
the phagocytosis of the cells of reticuloendothelial system in mice.
3In a study,
antioxidant activity of its root bark extract was evaluated in several in
several studies. 4Natriuretic and saluretic effects of
Hemidesmus indicus root extracts in rats support its folklore use in
various urinary ailments. 5Hemidesmus indicus suppressed both
the cell-mediated and humoral components of the immune system.