has very good digestive and carminative properties. It helps improve the
functioning of digestive process by rejuvenating digestive fire (Agni)
and promote gastric secretion. Cyperus has numerous chemical
constituents - sesquiterpenes. The main sesquiterpenes are: α-cyperone,
β-selinene, cyperene, cyperotundone, patchoulenone, sugeonol,
kobusone,and isokobusone. Their main pharmacological actions are
antispasmodic and analgesic.
Nagarmotha exhibits liver protective activity against liver damage in mice
induced by CCl4. Its tuber contains essential oil (0.5-0.9%) which is used
in perfumery and insect repellent cream. The alcoholic and aqueous extract
of the tubers possess lipolytic activity and reduces obesity by releasing
enhanced concentration of biogenic amines from nerve terminals of the
brain, which suppress the appetite center.
rotundus have been used as traditional folk medicine for the treatment of
inflammatory diseases. Its extract is found to have anti-inflammatory
action. 4The rhizome of Cyperus rotundus is effective in the
treatment of stomach and bowel disorders, and inflammatory diseases.
Nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O2-) are important mediators in the
pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Experiments suggest that the
extract of rhizomes Cyperus rotundus could be developed as
anti-inflammatory candidate for the treatment of inflammatory diseases
mediated by overproduction of NO and O2-.