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  Latin Name Bauhinia variegata
English Name Mountain Ebony
Hindi Name Kanchnar
Part Used Bark

It is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to southeastern Asia, from southern China west to India. Common names include Orchid tree and Mountain-ebony.

1Itís bark is an astringent, tonic and useful in scrofula (lymph nodes of the neck), tumors, Glandular enlargement, prostatic hypertrophy, thyroid enlargement, skin diseases, ulcers, leprosy, diarrhea, dysentery and hemorrhoids. It is a safe and effective against conditions like fistula in ano, hemorrhoids, fissures etc.

2The antitumour activity of the ethanol extract of Bauhinia variegata (EBV) has been evaluated against Dalton's ascitic lymphoma (DAL) in Swiss albino mice. A significant enhancement of mean survival time of EBV-treated tumour bearing mice was found with respect to control group. EBV treatment was found to enhance peritoneal cell counts. After 14 days of inoculation, EBV is able to reverse the changes in the haemotological parameters, protein and PCV consequent to tumour inoculation.

3In the skin papilloma model, significant prevention, with delayed appearance and reduction in the cumulative no. of papillomas was observed in the DMBA + Kachanar + croton oil treated group as compared to the DMBA + Croton Oil group. C57 Bl mice which received a 50 % methanolic extract of Kachanar extract at the doses of 500 and 1,000 mg/ kg body weight for 30 days showed increase in life span and tumour size was significantly reduced as compared to controls. In antimutagenicity studies, a single application of Kachanar extract at doses of 300, 600 and 900 mg/kg dry weight, 24 hours prior the i.p. administration of cyclophosphamide (at 50 mg/kg) significantly prevented micronucleus formation and chromosomal aberrations in bone marrow cells of mice.



1. The Wealth of India, Raw Materials, Vol-2:B, Revised edition, 1988, page-207-209
2. PMID: 14522440, J Ethnopharmacol. 2003 Nov;89(1):107-9.
3. PMID: 20104989, Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2009;10(5):913-6.

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