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  Latin Name Amomum xanthiodes
English Name Greater cardamom
Hindi Name Badi Elaichi
Part Used Seed

Greater cardamom like true Cardamom is a plant in the family Zingiberaceae. Its pods are used as a spice, in a manner similar to the green Indian cardamom pods. The seeds are aromatic and pungent with sharp pleasant taste and contain the glycosides, petunidin 3, 5-diglucoside and leucocyanidin-3-O--D-glucopyranoside, and a new aurone glycoside, subulin. The seeds on steam distillation yield a dark brown, mobile essential oil (2.5%) having the characteristic odor of cineol.

Medicinally, the seeds are credited with stimulant, stomachic, alexipharmic and astringent properties, and are prescribed for the treatment of indigestion, vomiting, biliousness, abdominal pains and rectal diseases. A decoction of the seeds is used as gargle in afflictions of the teeth and gums. With melon seeds, they are used as diuretic in case of gravel of the kidney. They promote secretion of bile and useful in liver congestion. The oil from the seeds is aromatic, stimulant, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant.

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