A tropical plant with
a ginger-flavor rhizome, that is very popular in the Eastern - and
Caribbean kitchen. The galangal is an aromatic perennial growing up to
7' tall. The creamy white rhizomes of galangal contain a volatile
essential oil quite similar to that of the ginger.
1It is much
used in rheumatism and bronchial catarrh. It is considered a tonic,
stomachic, carminative and stimulant and is used as a fragrant adjunct to
complex preparations and also in cough and digestive mixtures. It chief
use is for clearing the voice. The drug has an expectorant action and used
in many respiratory ailments. It has an anti-spasmodic effect which
conducted in china shows its effect on immune system,
1'S-1'-acetoxychavicol acetate isolated from Alpinia galanga inhibits
human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication by blocking Rev transport.
3A study confirmed the analgesic effect of Alpinia galanga
rhizome and hence justified its use in ethnomedicine for the treatment of
pain due to various causes. The probable mechanism of its analgesic action
may be central as well as peripheral.
shows that p-hydroxycinnaldehyde from Alpinia galanga is a potential
therapeutic agent for treatment of Osteoarthritis.