The Aloe vera plant
has been known and used for centuries for its health, beauty, medicinal
and skin care properties. There are over 250 species of aloe vera and
only 5 to 6 types have medicinal uses. Aloe vera, known as kumari (means
Virgin lady) in Ayurveda, is an evergreen perennial succulent. It is
stem less or short-stemmed. Leaves are fleshy and thick with serrated
margins on the leaves. These succulent ornamental plants because of
their stiff, harsh and rugged habit are commonly grown in deserts and
other dry situations.
have long been in use for a host of diseases, particularly connected with
digestive system; they have also been used for wounds, burns and skin
troubles, it is also mentioned as reputed purgative in the indigenous
system of medicine. The cathartic properties of aloes are attributed to
the presence of a mixture of glycosides called “Aloin”. 2Recently,
a glycoprotein with antiallergic properties, called alprogen and novel
anti-inflammatory compound, C-glucosyl chromone, has been isolated from
Aloe vera gel.
gel has been reported to have a protective effect against radiation damage
to the skin. 4Its moisturizing effects has also been studied in
treatment of dry skin associated with occupational exposure where aloe
vera gel gloves improved the skin integrity, decreases appearance of fine
wrinkle and decreases erythema. 5Anthraquinones present in
latex of aloe are a potent laxative. It increases intestinal water
content, stimulates mucus secretion and increases intestinal peristalsis.
showed protective effect of Aloe vera gel against the polycystic ovary
syndrome (PCOS) phenotype by restoring the ovarian steroid status, and
altering key steroidogenic activity. PCOS is recognized as the most common
endocrinopathy of women.